Important notes on grafting & its types of human body organs (WITH BONUS FACTS)

Notes about grafting & implant and its types of human body organs.


1. Autograft 

➡ doner and receiver is a single person.
➡ Eg. Transplant of skin of leg in hand.
➡ No chance of rejection.

2. Isograft

➡ doner and receiver are from homozygotic twins.
➡ Eg. Transplant from Ganga to Jamuna.
➡ No chance of rejection as both have same genetic makeup.

3. Allograft

➡ doner and receiver non identical member of same species. (human to human)
➡ Eg. Kidney transplant to unknown person.
➡Low chance of success. Recipient must take immunosuppressant  or anti-rejection drugs.

4. Xenograft

➡ doner and receiver are from different species. (Animal to human)
➡ Eg. Transplant of heart valve of pig in human.
➡ Very low chance of success. Recipient must take immunosuppressant  or anti-rejection drugs.

🎁BONUS FACTS🎁

➡Most successful transplant is of cornea transplant and it is called as keratoplasty.
➡Keratoplasty is most successful operation because cornea is devoid of complex nerves and connection.
➡Dr. Christian benard is the first person who successfully transplanted heart from one person to another.

No comments